Sapiens A Brief History of Humankind

I came across this book on the Knowledge Project blog post where naval mentioned this book. It’s an enjoyable ride which begins from 13.5 billion years back when Matter and energy appear and where the beginning of physics and chemistry happens to today’s world where we are building Super Humans and Cyborg and many more thingsā€¦

Long long back we have more than one species of human, Homo rudlofensis, Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalenis are the one which we are aware off, but now we the Homo sapiens have only survived and is at the top of the food chain, because we Sapiens have the capability of imagination and thinking which make us different from others species. This unique quality makes us able to survive for such a long time, though the survival come with the extinction of other species. Way back we Sapiens used to live in the small social group mainly hundred of people even less, which was a common way of surviving and alike these groups there were many groups spread vastly over the earth. These groups have there own set of rules and regulation which were followed by all in which powerful men hunt to feed all other people of the group which was the main source of food apart from wild grasses or fruits.

Then comes the Agriculture Revolution which shifted us from hunting to growing crops(mainly wheat) and even started accumulating the food for the bad time. This was a big change as before we were not bound to one place we move from one place to another and depends on the group to survive but because of crop cultivation people start living in one place and starting spending more and more time on fields looking after the crops all day long and building houses around the fields so that they can take care of the crops days and night. Sapiens become good at this as they were able to estimate the rain or drought effectively and able to survive on the stored food in bad time. This makes people stick at one place which in turn raise many physical problems as Sapiens body was not used to it.

We did not domesticate wheat.It domesticated us.The word domesticate come from Latin 'domus' which mean house.Who's the one living in a house? Not the wheat. It's the Sapiens

Sapiens started acquiring more and more land for crop cultivation which lead to dispute with each other, to handle these dispute we start laying imaginative laws and belief so that people follow these rules and live happily with each other but this eventually leads to boundaries, city, state, country and that happy is lost. The people start trading with each other with resources and then money came into existence which basically solves a lot of problems and standardize the exchange of the things. Money brings more scope of business and standard in trading which ultimately made people explore more and more which leads us to Scientific Revolution.

Scientific Revolution opens all new path of exploration and discoveries of medicine, god particle, different planets, and artificial intelligence which eventually lead to an easy complex life. Now humans are surrounded by things which might not even be imagined back before. Humans are also able to build cyborg and are in the process of creating a Superhuman and are ready to colonize planet around the earth(Mars we are coming :P). These also have a varying degree of effect on human life, like average life of human has increased greatly due to medicines, transportation has become easy people can compute from one corner of the earth to others even outside :).

Scientific Revolution is still in the continuous phase , what it can bring next is unknown, but this is Our journey from that Animal to God. Will end the post with a quote quoted from Bhagavad Gita by Robert Oppenheimer after the first atomic bomb was detonated.

Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds

Photo by Hammad Siddiqui on Unsplash